Bereans Respond to COVID-19

Covid-19, Retirement Accounts, and Black Swans: One Economist’s Perspective

Nancy SowersDuring the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the next in a series appearing here at Berea Beloved. 

By Nancy Sowers, Associate Professor of Finance

Stock markets really started to roil while our Berea community was on spring break.  From February 28 to March 20, the S&P 500 (a common index for measuring the market performance overall) decreased 21.98%.  Of course on an individual level the most important thing is our health and physical safety, but it is likely that some are looking at their retirement accounts right now with a great deal of anxiety.  The standard professional heuristic is to remember your long term plan, to sit tight and stay calm, that the average recovery period is about 24 months from a downturn.  That this advice falls flat is understandable as you watch one metric for “all you have worked for” drop precipitously.

The stock market acts as a leading indicator for the economy overall, which means that it typically tells us what will happen to the economy about six months ahead.  But what we are seeing now is a black swan event.  Nassim Nicholas Taleb teaches us that a black swan event is “highly improbable with massive consequences.”  Covid-19 appears to be the perfect example of this and, unfortunately, our financial models neither anticipate such events nor handle the effects well.  As market shock turns to economic shock, we are all watching the economic situation unfold for the people we love, the friends we care about, and the students we have helped to develop over four years.

The silver lining here is that the Federal Reserve is moving more quickly with more tools than ever before to assure liquidity in the markets today.  American ingenuity will rise as firms adjust their production to meet the shortfall of supplies so desperately needed in our hospitals.  Toyota is donating industrial grade respirators; Hanes will make masks instead of underwear; our distilleries will shift to making hand sanitizer instead of bourbon.  Volatility will play into the recovery too.  Keep in mind that the people that cashed out their retirements in the last market downturn missed 6 of the 10 best days of market recovery and the start to a strong decade of market growth (PlanPILOT).  The market on Tuesday (03/24/20) supports the idea that when the market does come back, the rebound is likely to catch us by surprise too.

Spiritual Perspectives on Disease and Suffering

Chapel candlesDuring the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the next in a series appearing here at Berea Beloved. 

Spiritual Perspectives on Disease and Suffering

By Dr. Jeff B. Pool Chairperson, Department of Religion, Eli Lilly Chair in Religion and Culture, and Professor of Religion

Various religions and other spiritualities offer numerous explanations for the realities of illness, pain, suffering, and death, as well as ways in which to respond to those realities.  Because traditions in all religious and spiritual communities contain many diverse and sometimes even conflicting layers, some layers of traditions offer greater wisdom for life and its challenges than other layers.  Some representatives of theistic traditions have described viruses as “evil” and illnesses as “judgments” from God on specific groups of people for their “sins,” which then have produced corresponding judgments on those groups of people as the sources of the problems for which God purportedly has inflicted illness, suffering, and death on humanity at large.  Other representatives of the same theistic traditions, however, have interpreted such human health-crises differently: understanding viruses, as well as other natural threats to human life, as part of the larger world that God has created; describing illnesses and diseases as the natural interactive conflicts among creatures that endeavor in their own ways to survive and to propagate themselves (a tragic reality, understood as the conflict among various goods, rather than “evil” in opposition to the anthropocentrically-defined “supreme good” of human life); and, as a result, encouraging sharply different forms of human responses to such challenges to human life.

At their best, the diverse traditions of religious communities and other spiritual traditions regard such multi-dimensional health-crises for human life as genuine opportunities for both personal and social transformation.  For numerous spiritualities, such critical situations guide and encourage people both to discern that which they can control in order to work toward change and to release their attachments to that which they cannot control in order to consent to that which they cannot change.  Various layers of Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, and many other spiritual traditions teach that such challenges to life offer possibilities for deepening human character, for either instilling or reinforcing important human virtues: gratitude for all that each person has received, understanding life itself as gift; trust in the meaningfulness of life, despite the challenges that inevitably arise; equanimity and peacefulness in the midst of turmoil and chaos; humility; compassion for all creatures; an attitude of non-judgment toward other people; a passion for social justice and reciprocity in a profoundly interdependent world; generosity toward and hospitality for people in dire circumstances; and even joy in the experiences of both severe suffering and grief over losses that result from that suffering.

Many of the same religions and other spiritual traditions also develop practices through which to develop human character: meditative techniques, physical exercises, contemplation, and prayer, among many other methods.  For example, in the current global crisis, people might view very differently even the supposedly restrictive measures that various levels of society have prudently imposed on or recommended to communities and individuals in order to address this health-crisis.  Rather than construing such measures (“social-distancing,” sequestering, even meticulous “hand-washing”) as limitations on human freedoms or “rights,” people might understand the practice of such measures as practical exercises, even as rituals or prayers, to develop the virtues that will shape their character and that will enable them to contribute to changing the world as they now experience it.

Encountering Berea’s Old Quarantine Dorm

Christopher MillerDuring the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the next in a series appearing here at Berea Beloved. 

Encountering Berea’s Old Quarantine Dorm

By Christopher A. Miller, College Curator, Associate Director of the Loyal Jones Appalachian Center

Over the years, I have encountered bits and pieces about Berea’s historical quarantine practices.  From at least 1906 until 1940, Berea had designated quarantine spaces that were used during annual outbreaks of influenza.  One such space was the third floor of Stephenson Hall where EPG is located today.  Stephenson Hall used to be two separate buildings and this side was the Bruce Building.  In the basement of Bruce was the college’s on-campus saw and planing mill.  On the first floor street side, where the Appalachian Center is now, was the print shop, fully equipped for hot-lead typecasting and offset printing.  The back half of the first floor, where First Year Initiatives is now, as well as the entire second floor, was the woodworking shop which supported Woodcraft, woodworking instruction, and Facilities Management.  Finally, on the third floor of Bruce Building was the quarantine dorm.  Sometime after World War II, the quarantine dorm was converted to storage. However, in 1999-2000, it was completely emptied in preparation for remodeling as the home of EPG.  After clearing, but before renovation, I was in that space to scout for historical artifacts.  It has green painted pine floors and tongue-and-groove wooden walls.  There were deep marks in the floor made by rows of metal bunk beds.  What is now Peter Hackbert’s office was the restroom, with three old toilets and two showers.  On street-side brick wall were the remains of an old candlestick telephone and a bulletin board.  I spent about an hour in that forgotten room.  Because of my training as a social historian and curator, those visible clues kept bringing to my mind the anxiety and suffering that once occurred in that space.  Our current crisis has brought back that memory and gives me increased insight.

Stephenson Hall

From inside Stephenson Hall

 

The Ghost Light

Dr. Deborah Martin

Dr. Deborah Martin

During the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the next in a series appearing here at Berea Beloved. 

The Ghost Light

By Dr. Deborah G. Martin, Professor and Chair of Theatre

It is the isolation that hurts the worst. Sure, we have our students reading plays, watching videos, giving them modified assignments.  However, true Theatre means simultaneous space and time and teamwork, and teamwork means togetherness.  In Theatre we learn by DOING together.  In our Acting classes we tell our students that we expect them to fail the first assignment because on the second they will fail better and on the third even better.  Audiences do not come see actors thinking onstage; they come to see them DO onstage.  Confidence is built through trust and exploration with other students in the room.  We need to hear the breath and see preparation in the body.  Rehearsals are pedagogically electric; we teach our students to apply what they learn in the classroom to their production work. Together, we learn the lines, build the sets, sew the costumes, hang and focus the lights.  When a theater “goes dark” or closes, we leave on what we call the “ghost light.”   We are keeping the ghost light on – even now.  Hopefully it’s a beacon that leads our students back to our theatrical home.  We yearn to open our doors again; to take reservations again; to rehearse again; to hear the applause again.  We yearn for the belly laughs we would have at our department meetings. The pandemic has taken the one teaching tool we never knew we needed – togetherness.

 

Closer to Sustainability

Nancy GiftDuring the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the next in a series appearing here at Berea Beloved. 

By Nancy Gift Compton Chair of Sustainability; Associate Professor of Environmental Studies; Chair of Division II

I want to preface what I write about sustainability and this virus by saying that I am scared, and I am not trying to be blindly optimistic or insensitive to suffering. I am newlywed to someone with compromised lungs, and my mom, at 85, has heart problems; I worry for both of them. Every life lost to this virus matters, and the fact that medical care in this country is best for the privileged means that we are facing tragedies that need not happen this way.

On the other hand, I spend more energy than I would like worrying about our carbon emissions and our natural resources. And here we are as a globe, suddenly and dramatically improving air quality and water quality and slowing consumption of goods and fuel and resources. We are, many of us, cutting our busy lives to core essentials, hopefully to some of the basics that truly make us happy: simple meals with loved ones, walks and time with animals, reaching out via letters and phones and email and text to those we care about. We are buying less stuff and flying less and keeping important people close.

Some people in power are noticing that working people matter. And many people are protecting the vulnerable. The political ground is shifting. The stock market is literally shrinking.

I find myself watching this moment, with compassion and fear and hope and wonder and anxiety, hoping that we can make the best of this awful situation, soon return to community life and travel, but not return to the habits of production and destruction and pollution. Maybe this can be a turning point in the path of climate change, and maybe we can move closer to sustainability in the wake of COVID-19.

 

Let It Be a Dance

AJ Bodnar

AJ Bodnar

During the COVID-19 Pandemic, many in the Berea College community submitted their unique perspectives on the situation to President Roelofs to share with campus. The following is the first in a series that will appear here at Berea Beloved. 

 

 

Let It Be a Dance by A.J. Bodnar

I play music for the dance classes in Health and Human Performance. It’s heaven. In the course of any given week, I may play modern jazz, improvisations, ballet, Argentine tangos, contradances, swings, waltzes, square dances, Morris dances, English dances, Danish dances, Appalachian folk dances, Scottish dances, dances from antiquity, and this last semester, even the Charleston. But now keyboard’s been unplugged – lights are off – dancing has stopped. And I’m sad.

And yet, I’m not as sad as I could be.

One part of me is looking forward; forward to the next time eyes and hands will lock, and groups of smiling students will once again celebrate life by dancing as Bereans have done for what seems like forever; forward to the next time our dance students eagerly watch their devoted teachers, at first imitating them, then finally flying under the power of their own wings; forward to the next class, or street dance, or Convo, or Berea Dances; forward to once again watching students’ journeys from the hangdog I’ve never danced before, to the exuberant Hey, check out THIS move!

Another part of me is looking back to when we had all just come back from spring break (five-hundred years ago), and how quickly the fear caused by COVID-19 gripped the classes. It was a bit of a shock watching the panic set into the faces of the student, even before anyone knew much about the virus or what was to come.

It’ll be agonizingly long before we dance again, and interesting in the interim to see how our particular classes will lend themselves to online work (the touch, the sound, the look, the hold, the smile, the contact all being so integral to dance). Between now and whenever I’m privileged to hit the first notes again, however, there’s no doubt our professors will have it all worked out. Soon, not soon enough, but soon – we will experience that sweet anticipation as across the campus we hear dance instructors count off, Five, six, seven, eight!

Daily COVID-19 Update: March 16, 2020

Dear Bereans,

Here are some updates from the AC for Monday, March 16.

The AC asks all those who are participating in non-essential gatherings on campus of any size to discontinue effective immediately.  Organizers of such activities are encouraged to explore virtual, non-in-person options.

Important announcement from Sodexo

Sodexo is making a change nationally to carry-out service only for everyone served in their dining facilities.  (This is to enhance social distancing by reducing the number of people dining together.)  Students and others eating through Dining will now go to pick up their choice of food placed into a portable and discardable container and will take that food elsewhere to eat.  This change is effective at dinner this evening.

Continue reading Daily COVID-19 Update: March 16, 2020

Berea College Opens New Women’s and Gender Non-Conforming Center

Dr. M. Shadee MalaklouBy Dr. M. Shadee Malaklou, Assistant Professor and Chair, Women’s and Gender Studies; Director of the Women’s and Gender Non-Conforming Center

This year, the Women’s and Gender Studies department opened a new Women’s and Gender Non-Conforming Center to complement the curricular revisions we are undertaking to advance Berea College’s great, historical commitment to gender equity. Both the new curriculum and the Center’s programming will re/imagine sex and gender as categories of difference, hence making room for all articulations of sex and gender, beyond the binary of male/man and female/woman, to be represented at Berea College. Further, both the addition of the new center and our curricular changes will emphasize that sex and gender are social constructs that intersect with a wide range of other experiences, like race and dis/ability.

It is my hope and the hope of my new colleagues—Dr. Meredith Lee and Dr. Jakeya Caruthers—as well as the hope of the Women’s and Gender Studies advisory committee that met biweekly during the Fall 2019 semester, and the hope of Provost Linda Strong-Leek, that together, these change will attract the burgeoning number of gay, trans, queer, and non-binary students who have flocked to Berea’s campus in recent years but who routinely report that they do not feel represented at the College.

As part of the changes we are undertaking, we are rebranding the flagship Peanut Butter and Gender series, now named “Gender Talk.” When thinking about the series, we wanted a name that would communicate some gravitas, to reflect the heavy lifting that our invited guests are doing to re/imagine sex, gender, and sexuality. At the same time, we hoped that the name change would forge some—what feminist theorist Karen Barad describes as—“common-unity” with similar programs on campus, like the “Truth Talk” series hosted through the Carter G. Woodson Center for Interracial Education.

We are also introducing new programming. Last fall, the center hosted a “coming out” door on Draper quad, in collaboration with Gender Inclusive Housing, for National Coming Out Day; a photo series about inclusive pronoun usage for Mountain Day; a workshop series for faculty and staff about inclusive pronoun usage; a teach-in and panel discussion to think about how sex, gender, and the movement for black life intersect; and an ‘open house’ to inaugurate the launch of our center. This semester, the Women’s and Gender Non-Conforming Center will introduce a new series called “Evening with an Activist,” in which student activists share their stories and strategies with the campus community.

You can also expect some programming from the department. This semester, we relaunched our monthly colloquium series. Our February colloquium event featured a timely conversation about upcoming changes to the curriculum. Other colloquium events this semester and next will feature Women’s and Gender Studies alumni; feminists who merge creative business practices with social justice activism; and present and former faculty who can speak about the history of gender equity at the college, as well as the history of the Women’s and Gender Studies department specifically.

I hope you will agree that we have some exciting changes in store. Follow us on Facebook or Instagram (@wgsberea) or subscribe to our monthly newsletter (email saderholmk@berea.edu) to stay up to date with our programming and curricular revisions!

Jay Stringer at the Women's and Gender Non-Conforming Center

Jay Stringer

Ty Hollowell at the Women's and Gender Non-Conforming Center

Ty Hollowell

Dr. Broughton Anderson (left), Gender Talk Speaker Mark Rifkin (middle), and Dr. M. Shadee Malaklou

Dr. Broughton Anderson (left), Gender Talk Speaker Mark Rifkin (middle), and Dr. M. Shadee Malaklou

Provost Linda Strong-Leek (left) and Professor Althea Webb

Provost Linda Strong-Leek (left) and Professor Althea Webb

Black History Month and Berea College

By Dr. Linda Strong-Leek, Provost

“Those who have no record of what their forebears have accomplished lose the inspiration which comes from the teaching of biography and history.” Dr. Carter G. Woodson

Provost Dr. Linda Strong-Leek

Dr. Linda Strong-Leek

Berea College is honored to celebrate Black History Month not only because we were the first interracial, coeducational college in the South, founded before the end of the Civil War, in a state that once held enslaved people; but also because one of our most distinguished alumni, Dr. Carter G. Woodson, is the reason we have Black History Month! Dr. Carter G. Woodson is also the founder of African American Studies as an academic discipline.

Known as the “Father of Black History,” Dr. Carter G. Woodson enrolled in Berea College in 1897, and graduated with a Bachelor of Literature degree in 1903. Woodson continued his education first at the University of Chicago, where he received two additional bachelor’s degrees and a Master’s Degree in European History in 1908. And in 1912, Woodson became the second African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University (W.E.B. DuBois was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. From Harvard University). Woodson is best known for his work as the founder of the Association for the Study of Negro History and Life (The Association for the Study of African American History and Life), and his seminal work as a scholar of African American history. As we celebrate African American History, we celebrate Dr. Woodson. And we must also remember that African American History is woven deeply into the fabric of the American experience.

For example, Garrett Morgan created the three position traffic signal; Sarah Boone, who was once an enslaved person, improved the  ironing board, and she was one of the first black women in US history to receive a patent; Mary Van Brittan Brown devised an early security unit for her own home, creating a path for many of today’s home security systems, and Frederick McKinley Jones created the refrigerated truck. So much of what we currently take for granted as “American” ingenuity is indeed, American—African American—and we must acknowledge the great contributions African Americans have made to the society in which we live. In these difficult times when the rhetoric of the day seeks to divide us as a nation, let us remember the work of our esteemed alumnus, Dr. Carter G. Woodson, and all of the African Americans and other people of color in this nation who have made the world a better place for all Americans.

 

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