Catalog Description—GSTR 410: Seminar in Contemporary Global Issues. Prerequisites: GSTR 310, GSTR 332, and senior standing (or 24 credits for students under the old General Education curriculum). Offered: Typically Fall and Spring terms (first offered Fall 2007). As a capstone experience for General Education, this course invites students to synthesize and integrate their learning by using their developing abilities to reason, research, and communicate to investigate aspects of a significant issue for the world today. Each section explores a topic determined by the instructors, and is structured to model broadly multi-disciplinary approaches needed to understand complex problems. Each section involves faculty working closely with students’ independent research leading to presentation of a project to others in the course.
Student Learning Outcomes for GSTR 410
Successful students will:
- learn about a contemporary global issue from diverse disciplinary approaches;
- recognize and appreciate distinct disciplinary approaches, their strengths, limits, and contributions to integrative understanding of complex global issues;
- build upon, use, and synthesize previous learning in General Education, elective disciplines, and major field of study;
- engage in independent, multi-disciplinary inquiry and research of a complex, contemporary issue before the world;
- develop an informed position on a complex global issue and formally present orally the results of research to scholarly peers and faculty.
NOTE: Below are section descriptions for all instructors who regularly teach GSTR 410. Not all of these instructors listed here teach the course each term. Please refer to the schedule of classes for the term in question to see which instructors will be offering the course.
GSTR 410- Anderson, Broughton: The Archaeology of Colonialism and Globalization. How does your cell phone and college sweatshirt perpetuate the control and dominance of indigenous populations across the globe? The Archaeology of Colonialism and Globalization will help explain how our everyday things (our material culture) are intimately linked to the practices of colonialism and globalization. Using the theories and methods of anthropology/archaeology, we will attempt to tease out practices of control and dominance by using material culture from the past and present to understand these processes. We will use case studies from Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, and the Middle East to explore how colonialism and globalization are integral to the production material culture and how indigenous populations are negotiating and resisting these practices.
GSTR 410- Broadhead, Edwin: Religious Conflict in the Modern Era. This course will analyze the role of religious conflict in the 20th and 21st century. Charles Kimball’s When Religion Becomes Evil will be used to establish a phenomenological grid for evaluating pathological traits within a wide range of religious traditions. This class will also discuss tools for critical analysis and will demonstrate how an issue may be approached through different modes of discourse. Students will be taught to look for a variety of factors at work in a specific religious conflict: among these are historical, sociological, cultural, political, economic, and environmental factors. Student projects will use a multidisciplinary perspective to investigate specific religious conflicts in area such as: the Middle East; Northern Ireland; the Balkans; India and Pakistan; and Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
In addition to theological issues, our focus will include issues such as history, sociology, culture, politics, economics and environmental factors.
GSTR 410- Burnside, Jackie: Weapons of the Weak. Can humor be another defense against the universe (Mel Brooks)? Humor, a cultural trait that anthropologists have documented in all societies, serves many functions depending upon the context and audience. For instance, dominant groups may use negative stereotypes and ridicule to ensure conformity to their status quo while subordinate groups may create humor, e.g. jokes, of a self-deprecating manner to ‘rise above’ the negative images aimed against them. As part of our comparative approach to learn more about various cultures’ traditions of humor and contexts, the functions served and the genres depicted (e.g. satire, irony, political, folklore and trickster), we will understand more about the ways in which humor represents ‘weapons of the weak.’
GSTR 410- Cahill, Richard: “Who is a Neighbor?” In a global age, is a refugee on the other side of the planet, your neighbor? What, if any, is your moral obligation? You will read primary sources from the Western tradition and from Middle Eastern traditions as you explore these questions. In this course you will connect with students in Egypt through video conferencing and/or online, to discuss texts and issues.
GSTR 410- Clark, Sean: Land, Nature and Humanity. Throughout the vast majority of recorded history most people have lived close to the land – farming, hunting, and gathering to get the food, fiber, fuel, and building materials they needed. Today, however, more than half of the humans on the planet live in cities and that trend is expected to continue. As a consequence we are less directly connected to the land and yet no less dependent upon it as a global society. What are the implications of this demographic shift – not only for the use and stewardship of land resources but also for our understanding and appreciation of nature as well as our physical and mental well-being? Students will examine this and other related questions in their research and gain first-hand experiences on the College Forest and Farm to develop, test and validate ideas.
GSTR 410- Clavere, Javier: Globalization, Diversity, and Sexuality. Anchoring our reading with Michel Foucault’s History of Sexuality, we will examine the repressive hypothesis and how this theoretical background became an essential element in the shaping of our modern discourse about sexuality. Foucault will be our primary incentive to help us consider how power in our modern society is expressed in terms of repression. Through the lens of semiotics and the application of global diversity, we will take on the challenge of exploring sexuality at a global level, examining the ways in which desire and pleasure–as well as beliefs about gender, power, political control, and health–are framed, shaped, or codified by a global economy which is in a constant state of flux in ever increasing transformational cycles.
GSTR 410- Cohen, Jason & Feinberg, Dan: Thingness. Blue painter’s tape; light bulb; gaming console; soup beans; ping pong paddle; organic non-genetically modified, fair trade, gluten free, soy free, dairy free, dark chocolate. Mr. Coffee coffeemaker; scaffolding; the quadratic equation; heirloom eggplant; hitch knot; agent orange; orange juice. Shoelace; anti-lock brakes; blender; ottoman; mint-waxed dental floss. Dust bunnies; armrest; mechanically separated chicken; toothpick; contact lenses; zipper pull-tab; chopsticks. Carpet cleaner; global warming; Burj Khalifa; monkey bars; styrofoam take-out container; transom window; popcorn ceiling; Omega 3-fatty acid; Erlenmeyer flask; conveyor belt. Toaster oven; lithium; iPhone; eyeliner; filing cabinet; breading; wall calendar; artisanal soap. Bunsen burner; Hubble telescope; high-speed rail system; Hoover Dam; asphalt. Things.
This list encompasses seemingly infinite human-object, human-human , and object-object relations. Throughout this course, we will survey these relations and examine the global implications of these relations–how they shift, stagnate, and sway differently across the world.
GSTR 410- Dickerson, Jacob: Global Issues on the Final Frontier. It has been said that Science Fiction is more about the present than it is about the future. The genre provides the opportunity for allegorical – and often critical – explorations of contemporary concerns in a futuristic and fantastical setting. Since the time of its debut in 1966, the Star Trek television and film franchise has been at the forefront of the genre’s tendency toward social commentary. Creator Gene Roddenberry envisioned a peaceful future in which human understanding and intelligence are the drivers of progress. Using Star Trek as a focal point, this course will explore the ways in which global issues are presented in science fiction and popular culture more broadly. We will examine issues central to the Star Trek franchise, including (but not limited to) war, race, religion/spirituality, economics, the role of technology, and the definition of humanity. No previous knowledge of the Star Trek franchise is necessary.
GSTR 410- Gift, Nancy & Parr, Mary: Waste Not, Want Not: Garbage, Waste, and Manure. From the Pacific garbage patch, to the radioactive landfill dumping in Estill County, Kentucky to E-waste pollution in developing countries, waste management is a growing global concern. Is trash a given? What is up-cycling? Are there safe uses for human manure? This course will explore the past, present and future challenges in waste and garbage management.
GSTR 410- Gray, Gordon: As one of the most important and controversial political topics in the USA in the early 2000s, immigration has received conspicuous amounts of news coverage, inflamed debates over issues of rights and privileges, and affected the way entire groups of people have been treated in this country. While undocumented international immigration receives most of the press, internal and temporary migrations are statistically more important—both internationally and in the USA. In this sense, the migration of people in the USA from poor and/or rural areas to urban areas is at least as crucial an issue. The drain of talent and labor from areas such as Appalachia has had a long and devastating effect upon the areas from which people are emigrating.
In this course, we will look at diverse movements of people over time and through space. In doing so, the course will focus on the economic and cultural rationales and consequences of human migration, not just on the places people are moving to, but on the places that people are moving from. We will investigate the multitude of forms that human migration has taken historically and takes now—both in the USA and internationally. Case studies will include: the Transatlantic Slave trade; the Partition of India; the displacement of the citizens of New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina; and the effects of the drug wars on people living on the border with Mexico. Student projects will focus on issues of migration, and in particular I would like students to relate American experiences and issues of migration with those of international migration, building on the perspectives from their majors in combination with the perspectives that form the basis for this course. Interdisciplinary approaches are encouraged.
GSTR 410- Hackbert, Peter: Internet Communication Technologies (ICT) in a changing world. This course examines how Internet Communication Technologies (ICT) play a critically important global role in transparency, participation, collaboration among businesses, governments, citizens in addressing global challenges. New communication technologies may or may not automatically lead to or improve democracy, collaborative healthcare, open finance, nonprofit innovation, reinventing science, government 2.0, media technology, energy and environment, volunteer 2.0 and open enterprise. ICT has contributed to societal changes with positive and negative implications. Each class member is responsible to execute a research paper and/or research project (with ICT implications in a global setting) and lead a seminar discussion session (including a lesson plan and evaluation model). Topics could include social technologies (blogs, wikis, Facebook, YouTube), the press, legal systems, privacy and security, gadget and devices, and industry sectors (music, TV and film, health care, transportation).
GSTR 410- Huck, Dan: This section of the course will examine the response of the community of nations to genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes using the concepts and mechanisms of criminal law. Students will analyze the history of international criminal law development, especially since WWII. The course places particular emphasis on the development of the special tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, as well as the special court developed for Cambodia. The course will conclude with a consideration of the International Criminal Court’s first decade of operations, including a review of ongoing cases and a mock indictment proceeding conducted by students against persons of interest before the ICC.
GSTR 410-Lakhan, Ram: A Global Perspective on World Health. The burdens of health diseases are unequally distributed. People with higher income have better health statuses than the poor in many countries. Why is this inequality there? Where are the gaps? How is our health connected globally? What are social, biological, and environmental factors that contribute to poor health and increase disparities with age, income, employment, education, gender, place of living, etc.? In this course, we will begin with an introduction to global health. We will then analyze global health systems and important global health challenges: HIV/AIDS, malaria, access to pharmaceuticals, and maternal and child health. The course will incorporate knowledge and views from multiple academic disciplines, including public health, economics, politics, management, and sociology. Current media events related to global health will also be integrated into classroom discussions. Students will conduct research and analyze identified issues related to global health.
GSTR 410- Mahoney, Mark: Safety – a right, privilege, or perception? This course intends to examine the concept of “safety” as it exists throughout varying civilizations, politics, and industries. We will review historical and contemporary approaches to providing “safe” environments and the associated implications thereof. We will discuss the moral, ethical, and legal aspects of these approaches, as well and the inferences toward age, race, religion, sex, and culture. Throughout the course a variety of text and films from varying viewpoints will be explored to inform the discussion.
GSTR 410- Martin, Deborah: You’re Born Naked, and the Rest is Drag! This class will examine the performance of gender, specifically drag (both king and queen), and how those traditions are descended from traditional theatrical approaches to text and practice. Issues of gender performance will be explored in both Western and non-Western cultures, including Japan, China, England (Renaissance), and the drag history in the United States. These performances will manifest in examples that many in our society may deem taboo, including cross-dressing, drag performance, transvestitism, etc. Both historical and contemporary issues related to these topics will be included.
The aim of this course is to provide students with an understanding of gender performance as a culturally fluctuating creation and to broaden students’ understanding of genders and sexualities through a variety of case studies. The course explores the ways in which cultures, Western as well as non-Western, construct and provide meanings to gender roles. Because gender is often perceived as “natural” or biological, rather than cultural, this course strives to destabilize our assumptions and broaden understandings of these issues.
GSTR 410- McKee, Lauren: Energy resources are the fundamental thread that hold together the tapestry of globalization. Energy fuels militaries, drives commerce, and can raise standards of living. Access to resources (renewable and non-renewable) can incite wars between states, acts of terrorism, and territorial conflict. This course will examine the use of natural resources through the nexus of energy security, that is, within the context of economic, environmental, and national security. We will cover a diverse range of regions and issues, for example: early discoveries of oil in Titusville, PA, and subsequent industry development; criticality of oil in World War II; 1973 Arab Oil Embargo; the “resource curse” in countries such as Equatorial Guinea; nuclear energy and nuclear weapons; economic development and pollution in China; Russia and the oil/gas weapon, and more. We will also regularly incorporate news stories from around the world, using our historic and theoretical foundation to better understand current, global events. In the end, students should have a better understanding of the political implications of resource availability, consumption, and production.
GSTR 410- McKiernan Gonzalez, Eileen: The Postcolonial Experience. This course will consider issues of identity in contemporary culture (as seen in art, literature, and film) with a focus on the developing world marked by colonial history. We will set the conceptual base looking at critiques of “Western” views on other civilizations in Postmodernity. We will focus on comparative studies of approaches to modernity and hybrid identity in the Indian Subcontinent, Africa, and Latin America. We will proceed with issues of self-identity versus objectification, center versus periphery, and activism in the arts.
GSTR 410- Meadows, Richard: Why are some countries poorer than others? What can be done to accelerate their development and reduce poverty? We will debate many facets of the question, including the legacy of colonialism, government, the economy, education, conflict, health, agriculture, natural resources & foreign aid. For your final project, you’ll choose a developing country and do a case study on why it is poor and what has been done and could be done to foster its development.
GSTR 410- Norris, Ian: 21 Lessons for the 21st Century: Global Problems, Global Solutions. In the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution sparked a political revolution that formed the basis of modern democracy and capitalism. In the 19th century, the economic consequences of capitalism sparked a revolution that formed the basis of modern socialism. Today, economic and technological disruption once again threatens the social order, and this time, our political and economic systems are ill-equipped to handle the consequences. Big Data and Automation threaten to transform the nature of work, commodify human consciousness, and undermine individual liberty. With globalization in retreat and nationalism on the rise, understanding the effects of these changes on education, the workforce, and the marketplace is essential to solving global problems such as inequality and climate change. With author Yuval Noah Harari as our guide, students will propose solutions to the most pressing problems that face us.
GSTR 410- Parr, Mary: The Future is Now. Starting with genetic engineering of agricultural crops in the 90’s, we currently see human genome editing using CRSPR technology, potential release of genetically engineered mosquitos, as well as an increased use of bots and drones in the workforce and throughout our daily lives. This course will explore the enormous shift in biotechnology, computing, and robotics that has quietly taken hold in the past decade, and how this shift is currently and will impact agriculture, our ecosystems, economy, and the very meaning of being human.
GSTR 410- Pearson, Eric: Technology and Population. Throughout the 20th century, technological advancements (the synthesis of nitrogen from fossil fuels, the near elimination of certain diseases, the so-called “Green Revolution”) have contributed to a population growth unseen at any other time in human history. This course will follow these developments, pursuing answers to scientific, moral, political, economic, and other questions that arise from technological developments and population growth, which can be expected to continue deep into the 21st century. Student research will focus on particular countries and how technology and population growth have affected all aspects of national and international issues.
GSTR 410- Pulsford, Steve: Globalization, Ideology, and Film. This course, on economic and cultural globalization, will survey a range of analyses of global inequality and injustice, position those analyses on an ideological spectrum, and examine representations of globalization in several films. In one of the course’s early readings Paul Farmer argues that analysis of the world’s systemic human suffering—its “political economy of brutality”—should be geopolitically broad, historically deep, and attentive to social factors including gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. We will watch films with an eye to each of Farmer’s concerns and alongside other relevant nonfictional readings. We will thus have to ask at least two major questions about filmic texts as media for understanding of globalization: on one hand, what are such imaginative texts good for? That is, how do they produce and communicate productive insights into global issues? And on the other hand, what are the inherent limitations or biases of imaginative and artistic representation, including its tendencies towards misrepresentation? To summarize the distinctive goal of this section of GSTR 410 in one sentence: it aims to help us become better informed and more critical viewers of films about global issues.
GSTR 410- Reid, Maurice: Winning with Logistics. This section of GSTR 410 will study the evolution of transportation systems, technology, and corporations in the development of global supply chains and their competitive impact on organizations, governments, countries, and economies. Beginning with the start of recorded commerce the class will trace major developments in logistics, supply chain management, and commercial organizations to understand how and why these trends have affected firm and regional competitiveness. This class will learn about the growth of freight handling systems and their impact on the economies of the regions they serve, as well as the use of communications technology and its impact on the way commerce is conducted. The class will study what motivates an economy/government to develop transportation infrastructure, the benefits of having an efficient transportation network, and how different economies have evolved in their distinct environments. Given this history of development and growth, the class will explore why and how organizations benefit from having access to efficient transportation and applying technology to transportation practices. This course will use case studies, readings, and a research paper to demonstrate student understanding and application of the theory discussed in the class. The research component of this section will be satisfied by a research paper demonstrating an understanding of supply chain choices and their impact on an organization’s performance in its environment.
GSTR 410- Reynolds, Loretta: Perspectives on Death, Dying, and Bereavement Around the World. This section of GSTR 410 will examine different customs, beliefs, and rituals around the issue of death and dying. This exploration will include studying the belief systems of different religions and cultures around the world. We will consider how what we believe about death and the afterlife affects how we live and the decisions we make. We will approach the subject of death and dying from the perspectives of biology, business, anthropology, medicine, sociology, and theology. Learning about different perspectives may also provide students with helpful, critical tools to use as they consider their own life experiences and traditions in relation to death, dying, and bereavement.
GSTR 410- Richey, Jeff: East Asia on Screen. This section of GSTR 410 will examine representations of East Asian cultures in recent and contemporary works of cinema from across the globe. Among other issues, we will consider the roles played by capitalism, ethnicity, nationalism, religion, and war in shaping modern and contemporary East Asia and the world.
GSTR 410- Sergent, Tyler: Faith and Fanatics: Religious Extremists at Home and Abroad. The narrative propagated in western media and political discourse continues to use the terms “radical” and “extremist” to describe religious groups that are predominately found outside of North America and western Europe. Historical and contemporary realities contradict this narrative, and we can observe and study radical, extremist, violent religious groups originating within North America and Western Europe. We can also identify radical, extremist, violent policies by North American and Western European nations—through colonialism, imperialism, and various forms of political and economic hegemony—that have contributed to the radicalization, extremism, and violence of religious groups found around the world. Our course will study both local and global religious extremism in order to understand its historical motivations, contemporary actions, and to analyze critically its claims of religious identity and authority.
GSTR 410- Starnes, Bobby: This course will explore historical and contemporary issues and experiences, both shared and unique, of Indigenous peoples around the globe. It is designed to help us get past the stereotypes and superficial knowledge we may have and into learning about these cultures in ways that help us see, understand, and identify the value of Indigenous peoples’ traditions, histories, and cultural expectations. At the same time, we will explore the ways these cultural groups experience, respond to, and resist external pressure to “modernize” or assimilate–and the often-accompanying threats to their lives, land, resources, and ways of life. Using existing research, you will construct an understanding of validity threats, identify design defects, and critically and skeptically study the research base relating to one Indigenous group. You will use diverse entry points and include the voices of the Indigenous peoples themselves. Using shared learning techniques and a variety of hands-on experiences, you will prepare and present either a project or paper that fulfills the course requirements identified in the GSTR 410 general description.
GSTR 410- Stokes, Emmanuel: “Bless Your Heart”: Identity, Discourse, and Policy in “Other Appalachias.” This section of 410 will look at how the complexity of regionalism—the varied approaches, values, mores, practices, and even accents and influence how persons are understood in a global context and how broader perspectives process those persons. This course will unpack how various communities (mis)understood, marginalized/liberated, etc., and how they engage in global conversations—or are excluded from such conversations. This course will include complex, and often challenging, discussions and research into governmental practices, race relations, hate groups, and minority communities, as well as majority populations and identities. Using our own Appalachian region to gain context, we will study other regions, as one called “other Appalachias,” around the world to gain better understanding of globalized regionalism.
GSTR 410- Vazzana, Caryn: Human Migration: Movement of People and the Transformation of Cultures Around the World. This course invites students to synthesize and integrate their learning by using their developing abilities to reason, research, and communicate to investigate aspects of a significant issue for the world today. This section of the course will examine the winners and losers and the positive and negative aspects that accompany migration of people and their different cultures coming together. In the course, we will consider all types of international migrants: regular and irregular migrants, refugees, and those trafficked against their will. We will try to understand why individuals leave and how this impacts them, their families, the countries they leave and the countries to which they come.