The core idea is to maximize customer value while minimizing waste. Simply put, lean means creating more value for customers with less expended effort and resources.
To accomplish this, lean thinking changes the focus of management from optimizing separate technologies, assets, and vertical departments to optimizing the flow of products or services through entire value streams that flow horizontally across technologies, assets, and departments to customers.
The word transformation or lean transformation is often used to characterize an organization moving toward lean thinking. It requires a complete transformation on how an organization conducts business. This takes a long-term perspective and perseverance.
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